Science & Technology Development Journal - Social Sciences & Humanities 2019-10-15T05:08:54+00:00 Hoang Ngoc Minh Chau Open Journal Systems Work motivation of young faculty and staff members in University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Viet Nam National University Ho Chi Minh City: A point of view 2019-10-15T05:08:54+00:00 Nguyen Thi-Van Hanh <p>Studying on job motivation is significant and can be considered the foundation of which the managers can base on to create and maintain their employees's working motivation, increase work productivity and effect as well as to keep the proficients. Studying on job motivation in Vietnam nowadays have focused mostly on the private sector of the economy while the public one has not been paid much attention to. This paper aims at assessing some points within job motivation of the ones who work in a public university (USSH, VNU-HCM), finding out their reasons of choosing their jobs, the most stimulating changing factors at work and the most desired work results/ achievements. Findings from the study showed that, in order to create job motivation, the leaders of this university should have policies on raising income and other kind of benefit as well as on widening and promoting chances for enhancing professional skills and knowledge. Differences among different groups should be considered for best effects.</p> 2019-06-12T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Teaching and learning mission in the resistance boarding high school system in Southern part during 1945-1954 period 2019-10-15T05:08:44+00:00 Luu Van Quyet <p>From 1945 to 1954, in addition to leading citizen of the South to conduct resistance against French colonialism; the Communist Party and the government, in particular the Southern Committee for Administrative Resistance always pay attention to train qualified and professional staff in order to serve and meet all requirements of revolutionary path. According to the actual needs of revolution, since 1948 a system of resistance boarding high schools has been formed in the Southern provinces in form of boarding and self-management. The curriculum is brief, concise. Study goes as a pair with practice to serve the resistance. In the difficult circumstances of war, education workers have overcome the lack of human material resources, or even unprecedented jobs to establish and operate an education system. It achieved great achievements. The results and lessons learned of the process of teaching and learning management in the system of boarding high schools in the South during the period of The Resistance War against France can be considered as a “special resistance education model”, in which its vitality and spread not only contributed greatly to the victory of the resistance, but also humanity, optimistic spirit, self-reliance, initiative and initiative in education and training has left insightful experiential lessons for the education of our country in the current period.</p> 2019-08-09T23:00:51+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The influence of practicing spiritual tourism on the environment in Chau Doc – An Giang – Viet Nam 2019-10-15T05:08:43+00:00 Ta Duy Linh Duong Duc Minh <p>Chau Doc is a city of An Giang province in Mekong delta of Vietnam. This city has Sam Mountain with cultural and spiritual values. One of the highlights of the local spiritual culture is Ba Chua Xu (Lady Territory) shrine. Every year, this spot attracts between 3 and 5 million visitors. With a great number of tourists, the practicing of spiritual tourism has had an impact on the natural and cultural-social environment. The influence of stakeholders on the environment (nature and humanity) through the enjoyment and provision of tourism services. Stakeholders have involved in tourism activities in Chau Doc include: local authorities, service providers (food and beverage, accommodation, transportation, ...) and tourists. The practice of spiritual tourism is different from other types of tourism. Spiritual need has overwhelmed need to enjoy tourist services. With the expectation of improving economic benefits for the locality, tourism services are increasingly invested and supplemented. When economic interests are concerned, the issues of preserving natural values and cultural-social are limited, creating threat that could hurt the environment in Chau Doc. Therefore, the exploitation and development of spiritual tourism creates certain influence on the local environment. The study of the effects of spiritual tourism practice is necessary in the present context. Through field surveys, in-depth interviews with stakeholders and observations in local spiritual culture festivals from September 2016 to June 2018, this article describes and analyzes characteristics of practicing spiritual tourism in Chau Doc. Since then, the authors find out the influence of practicing spiritual tourism on natural and cultural - social environment of locality. At the same time, the authors provide some suggestions for exploiting spiritual tourism in Chau Doc.</p> 2019-08-12T13:23:11+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Activities of “New Vietnamese” Japanese in the period 1945 – 1954 2019-10-15T05:08:39+00:00 Nguyen Vu Ky <p>After World War II, a part of Japanese soldiers stayed behind in Vietnam and joined the Viet Minh army. They later became known as the ``New Vietnamese'' Japanese and formed an alliance with the Vietnamese against the French. Research on the activities of ``New Vietnamese'' Japanese during the period from 1945 to 1954 plays a very important role in explaining comprehensively and thoroughly the relationship between Vietnam and Japan, and serves a scientific, practical and humanistic purpose. From the 1990s to early 21st century, there have been numerous works of research mentioning the ``New Vietnamese'' Japanese by domestic and international researchers. In recent years, this subject has once again been brought up in exchange activities between the two countries with the attendance of people-who-lived-back-in-the-days, which has attracted wide attention from the scholars and also the media. Based on newly published data and previous studies, the author aims to restore the panorama of the ``New Vietnamese'' Japanese: the number of Japanese people who stayed in Vietnam, the reasons for them to become ``New Vietnamese'' Japanese, and also their activities from 1945 to 1954. Thereby, this research initially evaluates the contributions of the ``New Vietnamese'' Japanese to the Anti-French Resistance War of Vietnamese people.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-08-15T15:22:09+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The new development of India - Myanmar relations during two decades after the Cold War: The bases and achievements 2019-10-15T05:08:47+00:00 Nguyen Tuan Binh <p>India and Myanmar are two mutual neighboring countries which have the traditional, longstanding and close relations. Over many periods of ups and downs in history, the links of politics, culture, religion, society... between India and Myanmar are the basis of this relations in the modern. After formally establishing the diplomatic relations in 1948, the relationship between two countries entered the period of peace, cooperation and development. From 1962 to 1991, the relations between two countries have become cold and declining. After the end of the Cold War, the trend of dialogue, peace and cooperation along with the development needs of India and Myanmar created new catalysts for the development of this relations. India - Myanmar relations have shifted from a cold and trained status (1962 - 1991) to improvement, consolidation and development in the years 1992 - 2014. In addition, the relationship between two countries was developed on the basis of inheriting the achievements of the previous period (1948 - 1991) but instead of being mainly in the political field, there was a complete development in many aspects (politics - diplomacy, economy, security - defense...) for two decades after the end of the Cold War. By the historical method and logical method are mainly, this article focuses on analyzing the bases which promote India - Myanmar relations's development in the years after the Cold War and this relationship's major achievements in politics - diplomacy, economy, security - defense. On that basis, the article's author drew conclusions about the development of India - Myanmar relations in the research period.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-07-09T15:04:20+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Establishing criteria for evaluating lecturers’ competences: solutions for improving quality of lecturers at University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU -HCM 2019-10-15T05:08:46+00:00 Bui Ha Phuong <p>In the higher education environment, lecturers play an extremely important role in higher education of universities. Assessing the higher education quality based on many standards such as the training program, the facilities, the teaching staff, the supporting staff to the learners, the measures of quality improvement, ... In which, improving the qualified lecturers who meet the training needs and implementing the strategic goals of each university is as one of the requirements important. Assessing lecturers' competences is considered one of the mandatory requirements for measuring the quality of university education. The assessment of lecturers' competences is based on a variety of criteria, in which the competences of teaching, scientific research and community service are considered the core competences of the lecturer. The paper presents the necessity of proposing criteria for assessing lecturers' competences. Besides, the paper also analyzes some of the basic criteria for assessing lecturers' competences. Then, some solutions are proposed to apply these criteria in assessing the competences of lecturers at the University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University-Hochiminh.</p> 2019-08-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Features in the beliefs in the mother goddesses in Lam Dong 2019-10-15T05:08:45+00:00 Bui Thi Thoa <p>For a long time, Beliefs in the Mother Goddesses has become a topic that attracts many researchers in different fields of science. Especially after the Practices Related to the Viet Beliefs in the Mother Goddesses in Three Realms recognized by the UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity the number of monographs and articles that mention different aspects of this worship is more diverse. In the mid-20s of the twentieth century, Beliefs in the Mother Goddesses appeared on Lang Biang plateau along with the process of migration, settling and forming Vietnamese community in this land. After nearly a century of introduction, shaping and development in the new land of the South Central Highlands, besides keeping the cognitive values, human values and traditional art and culture of Beliefs in the Mother Goddesses. In addition to preserving the cognitive values, human values and traditional art and culture of Beliefs in the Mother Goddesses in the Northern Delta, this worship of ethnic Viet group in Lam Dong had a process of interference, shaping and development with many differences. These characteristics are reflected in the diversity in the form of worship and religious activities. Using some main methods such as synthesis methods, analytical methods, qualitative research methods with the approach of ethnic minority fieldwork through two forms of observation and participation as well as conducting in-depth interviews ... the research will cover access to features in the Mother worshiping tradition in Lam Dong on the basis of comparison with the worship of the same name throughout the country. Besides, the article also points out some of the main reasons leading to the formation of these characteristics.</p> 2019-08-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##