Science & Technology Development Journal - Social Sciences & Humanities 2019-04-19T15:59:50+00:00 Hoang Ngoc Minh Chau Open Journal Systems Current situation of rural tourism in Tan Trieu Islet, Dong Nai province, Vietnam 2019-04-19T15:59:49+00:00 Hoang Ngoc Minh Chau Duong Thi Huu Hien <p>Tan Trieu pomelo village exists over hundreds of years in Dong Nai province, Vietnam. Located in Vinh Cuu district, Tan Trieu pomelo village lies along the Dong Nai river, 40km from Ho Chi Minh city - the largest city in Vietnam. Tan Trieu pomelo is famous for its special flavors which are due to rich alluvium constituted by Dong Nai river. With its green orchards, fresh air tranquil settings, and great location close to big cities and provinces, Tan Trieu pomelo village is an attractive place for tourists and many urban residents.</p> <p>This report is aimed at understanding current status of rural tourism in Tan Trieu Islet, and then some main advantages and challenges in exploring and developing rural tourism activities in Tan Trieu Islet are analyzed. In-depth interviews were used to gain information from local people toward pomelo gardens becoming a rural tourism attraction. The results show that local people support tourism development which is based on the pomelo gardens which could become important resources for rural tourism development in Tan Trieu Islet, Vietnam.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-03-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The rise of the Mediterranean woody crops in Southern Spain 2019-04-19T15:59:50+00:00 Garrido Almonacid Sánchez Martínez <p>The area occupied by woody crops in Spain has undergone an enormous increase in size and, more importantly, a profound green revolution that generates enormous harvest volumes that nourish the important national agro-export sector, where products such as olive oil, wine and almonds reach a notable significance. The processes of intensification follow a common pattern, which involves the occupation of the flattest and most fertile soils by firms with an ownership structure favourable for investment; the use of new varieties; and the design of denser planting patterns in which irrigation is an indispensable element and mechanization ubiquitous. The management of digitized spatial information has allowed us to map the evolution of the land uses of the olive grove, the vineyard and the almond orchard in each of the provinces where the regional specialization in these crops is greatest. This has allowed us to learn the key spatial/temporal aspects of these processes of change that are far from complete and that have led to a profound modification of agricultural landscapes, such that fragmentation and polyculture are giving way to geometry, compactness and the concentration of monoculture.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-03-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The contradictory CAP regulations within the recent, extraordinary transformation of Italian agricultural Systems 2019-04-19T15:59:47+00:00 Pierluigi De Felice Maria Gemma Grillotti Di Giacomo <p>Over the past two decades Italian agricultural systems have recorded an extraordinary change in their structural foundations partially due also to the contradictory CAP regulations. The most significant factors that have produced the accelerated evolution in our countryside are two: on the one hand, the recognition and acquisition by the primary sector of new economic, social, environmental and cultural functions, on the other hand, the renewed interest in the beauty of rural areas, the importance of technical sustainable agricultural production and the quality of the food supply sources. To all these aspects, researchers and the general public attribute today the fundamental role of guarantors for the quality of life and human health, animal health and environmental protection. It is a new awareness that, breaking the traditional delay with which the primary sector responds to the cultural activities, with unexpected timing, has translated into concrete, conspicuous forms of land corporate reorganization. Applying the qualitative and quantitative methodology of the Interuniversity Research Group GECOAGRI LANDITALY to the latest census data of the agriculture in 2010, the contribution considers the recent evolution of Italian agricultural systems to evidence landscape outcomes and territorial issues.</p> 2019-03-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Co-management of protected areas: a property rights point of view 2019-04-19T15:59:46+00:00 Van Ngoc Truc Phuong <p>Co-management is an increasinglyused tool in natural resource management around the world, in situations where the protection of natural resources has to ensure the livelihoods of local people who have traditionally relied upon these resources. It is a mechanism of sharing power in decision-making and sharing the benefits of natural resources between stakeholders (usually governments and local communities). In Vietnam, several governmental pilot projects on comanagement of PAs were launched over the past decade, with the purpose of eventually scaling up as a national policy. Nationwide, co-management initiatives have been implemented for protected areas (PAs). Therefore, a full assessment of the PAs co-management paradigm is needed. This paper aims to increase the understaing of the ''state-of-the-art" of the management that exist within PAs and to direct attention to the issues associated with property rights in conservation. It assesses the comanagement of PAs in terms of concepts, practices and implications that relate to indigenous peoples and community land and resource rights. The paper begins with a theoretical discussion about comanagement of PAs and property rights. Next, it analyzes a wide range of biodiversity-rich countries that have different time schedules for applying comanagement in PAs. The analysis also focusses on various types of PAs such as forests, game reserves, pastureland reserves, marine PAs, etc. It then encompasses experienced cases of community based forest management in Vietnam that may be applicable to co-managed PAs. This paper reveals that co-management could be an effective tool for PAs management as long as the property rights of local communities and their members are defined clearly and satisfactorily. Among them, land ownership/land-use rights have the most influence on the nature of the co-management agreements. The co-management of PAs officially acknowledges the rights of locals who live in and around forests, to enter, use and manage PAs. These management rights of communities are collective rights rather than individual rights, while ultimately management rights belong to governments. Governments retain the rights to control forest resources; to make decisions about forest products with high value; and to approve policies related to the PA management plan, exploitation license, development of forest management guidelines. In conclusion, governments usually do not empower local communities regarding their exclusion and alienation rights.</p> 2019-03-13T15:01:53+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Toward discerning community based tourism 2019-04-19T15:59:45+00:00 Nguyen Ngoc Tho <p>CBT rooted some decades ago in the West and has currently been on the rapid rise thanks to the promotion of internet-based informatics. CBT tourists has shaped several driving forces and motivation to speed up the promotion and completion of CBT worldwide. Along with the boom of high-tech and its incredible pressures on human mind, post-modernism (PM) has been shaped due to the strong demand of liberalizing in human beings' mind and diversifying their lifestyles under the mutual interaction between ecological and cultural resources. PM starts firstly in arts and literature, gradually influences on business and tourism; hence impacts on CBT. The reconciliation of CBT and PM gives birth to discerning CBT advanced by discerning travelers who definitly care on their selfparticipation, self-experience, self-discovery during their journeys as well as the request for cooperation, co-controlling and co-responsibility of all the tourists, state agents and the local communities during the services. The discerning CBT travelers partially promote the commeners' awareness and engagement in advancing standard of life and civilizing of their lifestyle. Discerning CBT is surely not to replace popular CBT as a whole but to modify the diversity of modern tourism as it meets a concrete part of the various demands of tourists and pay more important role in standardizing human life.</p> 2019-03-13T15:09:14+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Olive cultivation in the era of globalization 2019-04-19T15:59:43+00:00 J.D. Sánchez-Martínez A. Garrido-Almonacid <p>The consumption of olives and olive oil is very established in the Mediterranean. Also, the great gastronomic and health consideration of these products, as well as their relative scarcity and specificity makes them well considered and paid in the globalised markets, which have absorbed without difficulty the increase in production experienced in the last decades. In this context we witnessed the expansion and intensification of its production in its region of origin, but it is also being planted in areas which do not necessarily share the ideal thermopluviometric conditions for this crop. The purpose of this paper is to show, in a spatiotemporal point of view, the expansive dynamic of the olive tree. The main conclusion is this cycle has a very important potential growth ahead, but is not exempt of limitations and doubts, both for the new productive regions and the Mediterranean regions that are specialised in this millennial crop.</p> 2019-03-13T21:44:50+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##